Ahead of print ID: ERMPS-12181

The role of adiponectin gene mediated by NF-κB signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes

Y. Zuo

Emergency Department, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, Xiangya, China. gkjmomgnjjqlpm5@163.com


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of adiponectin (ADPN) gene mediated by NF-κB signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The levels of expression of ADPN were measured by fluorescence quantitative PCR technology, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western-blotting and immunohistochemistry in 78 patients with type 2 diabetes.

RESULTS: Compared with the normal population, the levels of expression of ADPN and NF-κB mRNA in the blood of patients with type 2 diabetes was significantly reduced (p<0.05). The detection of ADPN gene protein expression in normal population and patients with type 2 diabetes by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that ADPN gene protein expression in type 2 diabetic patients (1.26±0.73) mg/l was significantly lower (p<0.05) than ADPN gene protein expression of the normal population (3.26±1.25) mg/l. At the same time, the detection of the expression of NF-κB gene showed that the protein expression in type 2 diabetic patients (0.58±0.15) mg/l was significantly lower (p<0.05) than that in the normal population (1.67±1.04) mg/l. The results of Western-blotting were consistent with the results of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Immunohistochemical results also showed that the percentage of ADPN positive cells in patients with type 2 diabetes (25.47%) was significantly lower (p<0.05) than that in the normal population (79.47%).

CONCLUSIONS: ADPN gene in the human body can be involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes through the NF-κB signaling pathway.