OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and their clinical significance.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Paracancerous tissues from 48 patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma harvested during pulmonary lobectomy were studied. Twenty-four cases of COPD were chosen as the observation group and 24 cases of non-COPD as the control group. The degree of lung inflammation was observed; the ratio of the thickness of the wall to the external diameter of the pulmonary arterioles (WT%), and the ratio of the area of the wall to that of the pulmonary arterioles (WA%) were calculated. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expression of TLR4, MMP-9, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in vascular smooth muscle cells, and the expressions were correlated with lung revascularization.
RESULTS: (1) Compared with the non-COPD group, the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, WA%, and WT% of the COPD group were significantly increased (p<0.05). Additionally, the expression of TLR4, MMP-9, and PCNA in vascular smooth muscle cells was significantly increased (p<0.05). (2) Correlative analysis revealed that the expression of TLR4 and MMP-9 had significant positive correlation with the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, WA%, WT%, and PCNA expression (p<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that, compared with the smoking index and inflammation score, TLR4 and MMP-9 expression were the strongest factors affecting the parameters of lung revascularization (WA% and WT%) (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: High expression of MMP-9 and TLR4 in patients with COPD may promote inflammatory cell infiltration, induce proliferation of smooth muscle cells, degrade extracellular matrix, and play an important role in lung revascularization.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
Y. Zhang, H.-J. Ni, H.-S. Zhou
Study on the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and their clinical significance
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 21 - N. 9