Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2017; 21 (16): 3680-3689

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation: impact of comorbidities on length and costs during hospitalization

C. Terzano, V. Colamesta, B. Unim, S. Romani, A. Meneghini, G. Volpe, G. La Torre

Respiratory Diseases Unit, Azienda Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. giuseppe.latorre@uniroma1.it


OBJECTIVE: A retrospective cohort study was performed, using administrative database of the Local Health Unit Roma-A (LHU RM-A). The included subjects were residing in one of the four districts and were hospitalized for COPD exacerbation in healthcare facilities of the LHU during years 2010-2012.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the impact of comorbidities, length and costs of hospital stay in patients with COPD exacerbations. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often associated with other diseases (cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, chronic renal failure, depression) that can increase risk of mortality and hospitalization.

RESULTS: A total of 1890 COPD patients are included in the study. The mean length of hospitalization is 12.25 days (SD ± 10.91), 11.63 days (SD ± 9.76) and 11.91 days (SD ± 9.69) with a mean cost of hospitalization amounting to euro 3683.48 (SD ± 2037.12), 3356.82 (SD ± 1674.86) and 3706.81 (SD ± 2087.72) in 2010, 2011 and 2012 respectively. The presence and number of comorbidities are positively and significantly associated to the length and cost of hospitalization. In particular, patients with cardiovascular diseases or diabetes mellitus associated with other comorbidities present the highest values of hospital stay and cost. The cost and the length of hospitalization were significantly linked to the number of comorbidities.

CONCLUSIONS: Comorbidities play an important role in the hospital management of COPD exacerbation, increasing health care costs related to this disease.

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To cite this article

C. Terzano, V. Colamesta, B. Unim, S. Romani, A. Meneghini, G. Volpe, G. La Torre
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation: impact of comorbidities on length and costs during hospitalization

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2017
Vol. 21 - N. 16
Pages: 3680-3689