OBJECTIVE: Congenital hydronephrosis is induced by congenital obstruction of uretero pelvic junction, bladder vesicoureteral reflux, posterior urethral valve, stricture of ureter end and ureterocyst, which is extremely apt to cause end-stage renal failure in children. It becomes significant to explore the expression profile and clinical significance of aquaporin-1 (AQP-1) and ET-1 (endothelin-1) in the urine of children with congenital hydronephrosis.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: 80 cases of children with congenital hydronephrosis were selected to be the observation group and another 40 cases of children with other diseases were served as control group. Pre-operative morning urine, intra-operative renal pelvis urine and morning urine at the 7th day after the operation of all the children were collected for the detection of the level of ET-1, Cr level and AQP1 in the urine. Urine various indexes of different diseases stages in children of both groups were compared.
RESULTS: There was no significant difference between children with mild and children in control group (p > 0.05). In the observation group, the AQP-1 level during the operation was significantly lower than that before operation, but it was significantly higher in post-operation than that during the operation, which was still lower than that in control group (p < 0.05). Urine ET-1 level in observation group and its positive rate were significantly higher than that in control group (p < 0.05). Serum stress indexes in each stage of the observation group were significantly higher than that in control group (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The expression levels of urine AQP-1 and ET-1 of children with congenital hydronephrosis were obviously increased. The AQP-1 level during the operation was lower than that before operation. This post-operation level was significantly higher than before the operation. The expression of AQP-1 and ET-1 could be used as important indexes for clinical diagnosis.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
Y. Yu, Y.-F. Kang, K.-S. Li, Z.-H. Chen, L. Zhang, H.-M. Zhang, M. Zhang
Expression and clinical significance of aquaporin-1 and ET-1 in urine of children with congenital hydronephrosis
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 21 - N. 18