Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2012; 16 (14): 1999-2005

Safety profile of Bilastine: 2nd generation h1-antihistamines

F. Scaglione

Department of Medical Biotechnology and Translational Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Bilastine is a new H1 antagonist with no sedative side effects, no cardiotoxic effects, and no hepatic metabolism. In addition, bilastine has proved to be effective for the symptomatic treatment of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and urticaria.

Pharmacological studies have shown that bilastine is highly selective for the H1 receptor in both in vivo and in vitro studies, and with no apparent affinity for other receptors. The absorption of bilastine is fast, linear and dose-proportional; it appears to be safe and well tolerated at all doses levels in healthy population. Multiple administration of bilastine has confirmed the linearity of the kinetic parameters. The distribution in the brain is undetectable. The safety profile in terms of adverse effects is very similar to placebo in all Phase I, II and III clinical trials. Bilastine (20 mg), unlike cetirizine, does not increase alcohol effects on the CNS. Bilastine 20 mg does not increase the CNS depressant effect of lorazepam. Bilastine 20 mg is similar to placebo in the driving test. Therefore, it meets the current criteria for medication used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and urticaria.

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To cite this article

F. Scaglione
Safety profile of Bilastine: 2nd generation h1-antihistamines

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2012
Vol. 16 - N. 14
Pages: 1999-2005