BACKGROUND: Zinc is one of the most important elements for human body. Zinc deficiency can occur in any age, if it is seen in elderly its clinical results can be more harmful due to already diminished functions. Some studies showed zinc deficiency has an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. In this study we measured the nail zinc levels and aimed to show its clinical implications in geriatric patients, especially Alzheimer disease.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: 43 patients with Alzheimer disease and 89 patients with normal cognitive function were evaluated. The diagnosis of Alzheimer disease was made according to DSM-IV and NINCDS-ADRDA criteria after cognitive assessment and neuroimaging performed using magnetic resonance. Hand fingernail samples are obtained from the patients.
RESULTS: Mean zinc level from fingernail samples was 117.99 ± 73.44 ppm in Alzheimer Disease patients, 123.86 ± 77.98 ppm in control group (p: 0.680).
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study measuring nail zinc levels in elderly patients with and without Alzheimer disease. Our data reveal no significant difference in nail zinc levels between two groups. However, fingernail zinc may be a useful biomarker in elderly population.
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M.E. Kuyumcu, Y. Yesil, Z.A. Ozturk, M. Cankurtaran, Z. Ulger, M. Halil, B.B. Yavuz, B. Sait, O. Akyol, H. Vural, Y. Kara, S. Ariogul
An alternative way for the evaluation of zinc status in the elderly; nail zinc levels and relationship with Alzheimer’s disease
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 17 - N. 11