OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) related to acute lung injury (ALI) induced by sepsis with DNA microarray.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gene expression profile GSE10474 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database which includes 34 samples, among which 13 patients with ALI + sepsis and 21 patients with sepsis alone. The DEGs were identified between ALI + sepsis and sepsis alone samples using R, which were further analyzed using bioinformatics methods. Firstly, HitPredict was used to search protein-protein interactions of the DEGs. Secondly, WebGestalt was adopted for functional enrichment analysis of genes in the interaction networks. Finally, DNA methylation was analyzed to explain the differential expression.
RESULTS: A total of 12 genes were identified as DEGs by comparing chip data from ALI + sepsis samples and those from sepsis alone samples, among which occludin (OCLN) and major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ beta 1 (HLA-DQB1) had 21 and 6 interactors, respectively. Functional enrichment analysis revealed several significantly over-represented terms: cellular component organization, macromolecular organization and biosynthesis, and response to stimulus. In addition, methylation was found in the promoters of OCLN and HLA-DQB1.
CONCLUSIONS: We screened DEGs in septic ALI samples, and several interesting genes were obtained, especially OCLN and HLA-DQB1. They may be developed into marker genes for diagnosis or treatment of ALI.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
Y. Chen, J.-X. Shi, X.-F. Pan, J. Feng, H. Zhao
DNA microarray-based screening of differentially expressed genes related to acute lung injury and functional analysis
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 17 - N. 8