INTRODUCTION: The assessment of the postoperative viability of vascularized and non-vascularized grafts used in the reconstruction of mandibular defects due to trauma and surgical reasons is a major problem in maxillofacial surgery.
AIM: In the present study, we evaluated the feasibility and image quality of blood-pool SPECT, which is used for the first time in the literature here in the assessment of mandibular reconstruction, in addition to non-invasive bone scintigraphy and bone SPECT. We also evaluated whether it would be useful in clinical prediction.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Micro-vascularized and non-vascularized bone grafts were used in 12 Syrian men with maxillofacial trauma. Between days 5-7 after surgery, three-phase bone scintigraphy, blood-pool SPECT and delayed bone SPECT scans were performed. After month 6, the patients were assessed by control CT scans.
RESULTS: Of the non-vascularized grafts, one graft was reported as non-viable at week one. At month 6, graft resorption was demonstrated on the CT images. The remaining non-vascularized grafts and all of the micro-vascularized grafts were considered to be viable according to delayed bone SPECT and blood-pool SPECT images. However, only the anterior and posterior ends could be clearly assessed on delayed SPECT images, while blood-pool SPECT images allowed the clear assessment of the entire graft.
CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of blood-pool and delayed SPECT scans could allow for better assessment of graft viability in the early period, and can provide more detailed information to clinicians about prognosis in the follow-up of patients undergoing mandibular graft reconstruction.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
F. Aydogan, E. Akbay, C. Cevik, E. Kalender
Blood-pool SPECT in addition to bone SPECT in the viability assessment in mandibular reconstruction
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 18 - N. 4