OBJECTIVE: The exact pathophysiology of meconium passage into the amniotic fluid is unknown, but it is frequently associated with fetal hypoxia. The mean platelet volume (MPV) seems to be a marker of platelet production and consumption and may be related to the severity of some diseases associated with bone marrow, hypoxia, and perinatal infections. We aimed to investigate the association between MPV levels and meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) in infants.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: MPV, serum-reactive protein and hemoglobin levels, and leukocyte and thrombocyte counts were measured in 106 infants with MSAF and a comparison group of 78 healthy control infants.
RESULTS: The mean MPV values of the infants with MSAF were statistically significantly lower than those of the control group (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in the hemoglobin levels or leukocyte and thrombocyte counts in the study group compared to the control group (p > 0.05). There was also no statistically significant difference in the MPV levels of the infants with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) compared to the infants with MSAF without MAS (p = 0.107). The optimal cut-off value for the MPV was 9.90 fl (area under the curve [AUC: 0.788]) in the infants with MSAF, with a sensitivity of 78.1% and specificity of 74.3%.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the MPV levels of infants with MSAF were significantly lower than those of healthy infants. This might be associated with a hypoxic process. However, the MPV levels of infants with MSAF and MAS were statistically similar. Thus, the MPV level could not be used to detect patients with or without severe disease.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
M. Tekin, C. Konca, Z. Kahramaner, A. Erdemir, A. Gulyuz, F. Uckardes, M. Turgut
The association between mean platelet volume and infants with meconium stained amniotic fluid
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 20 - N. 14