Before publication

Revised Articles

Revised articles must be submitted again within 2 months after receiving comments, otherwise will be considered as withdrawn.

Accepted Articles

The accepted articles must be paid before publication. Payment is due within 30 days from acceptance. Upon the authors’ request, the journal may grant an extension for payment completion. Please be aware that if no communication is received from the authors within two months from the acceptance date, the journal retains the right to withdraw the manuscript from consideration. After receiving the payment, the articles are then published within three months from the payment date (Standard track) or within 40 days from the payment date (Superfast track).

NOTE: The publication fee is only required for accepted articlesThe payment will only be processed after official acceptance and the journal will never require any prior deposit during the review process. Additional information regarding publication costs at Article Processing Charge (APC).

Proofreading and Final Check

In our dedication to upholding the scientific integrity, European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences adheres to a rigorous proofreading process following peer review, ensuring thorough scrutiny before publishing a paper. At this stage, publishing editors meticulously review the manuscript, identifying and addressing editorial inconsistencies, ambiguities, and any grammar mistake. Any remaining queries are resolved through discussion with the author. This meticulous process is designed to minimize errors that could require post-publication corrections. If minor revisions are necessary, the article will only be published once the identified issues are satisfactorily addressed by the authors.

Galley Proofs

To ensure a fast publication process of the articles accepted for publication, we kindly ask authors to provide us with their proof corrections within three days. The Corresponding Author will receive an e-mail containing the galley proof. The galley proofs can be downloaded as a PDF file. Authors can annotate and upload their edits on the PDF version or provide them in a separate word document. All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail that we send to the authors. After acceptance, authors cannot apply major corrections to the manuscript, Figures, Tables, or authorship. Before publication, we send galley proofs twice to authors, who are asked to carefully check them and send their approval for publication.

Authors must check carefully the typesetting, editing, correctness and completeness of the text (including author names, affiliations and corresponding author information), figures and tables. To ensure that corrections are handled consistently, one editor deals with them all. At this stage, significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered with permission from the Editor. All corrections must be returned to us at in a unique communication. Authors must check the galley proofs carefully before replying, as the inclusion of any subsequent corrections will not be allowed. Proofreading is performed on the manuscript file by the Editorial Office before creating the galley proof, but the authors are encouraged to double check the galley proof very carefully before sending their approval. The Editorial Office will do everything possible to get accepted articles published quickly and accurately.

Post-Publication Corrections

We set no time limit for notifying errors or publishing corrections. Anyway, the editorial team will evaluate corrections case by case to determine the impact of the amendments within the manuscript and decide how to handle them.

In case authors discover a mistake between online and galley proof we will normally correct it by making the article correct in the online version.


After publication

Publishing Schedule

Articles are published bimonthly, at mid-month and at the end of the month. Therefore, two issues are published each month. Special issues and supplements do not have a fixed publication date.

Post-Publication concerns

Post-publication critiques may be submitted to the journal as “letters to the editor” and “commentaries” via Publishing Manager, providing a foundation for the raised criticisms. The journal provides original authors with the opportunity to respond to criticisms through a “reply letter.” Both the critique and response letters are peer-reviewed.

To report serious post-publication concerns, you can write at When complaints are raised, applicants should provide evidence to support the claims. The journal adheres to COPE guidelines for addressing significant post-publication concerns, such as errors, substantial mistakes leading to invalidated conclusions, plagiarism, data falsification, image manipulation, and undisclosed conflicts of interest.

The Editor in Chief and the Editorial Board Members may start an independent investigation with a new set of reviewers to establish any error and/or malpractice. The authors are promptly informed about the investigation and may be required to provide a detailed and official reply letter to concerns. If the investigation yields a result, such as a correction or retraction, the journal will promptly notify both the individual who initially raised the concern and the authors involved.

Specifically, the journal adheres to COPE guidelines to handle whistleblower concerns submitted via email. Upon becoming aware, the journal adheres to COPE guidelines when addressing concerns raised about a published article on a social media platform.


Honest errors require the publication of a correction when they are detected. The journal publishes erratum when a significant error has been detected in a published article and some changes are required. Significant mistakes involve tables, incorrect information, and spelling errors. Corresponding authors should send an email stating the type of error and the requested corrections. All authors have to agree with the erratum by signing a formal document. To ensure that corrections are handled consistently, one editor deals with them all.

To issue an erratum, the journal follows the ICMJE guidelines.

  • An erratum notice linked to the article to be corrected will be published in the first available issue.
  • The erratum notice will clearly state the title and authors, the issue of publication, the DOI, and the PMID in the erratum heading.
  • Corrections will be clearly stated in the erratum notice from the original version and the date(s) on which the changes were made.
  • The erratum notice will be freely available to all readers online.
  • We will post a new article version with details of the changes.
  • The journal will archive all prior versions of the manuscript.

Should the error arise from the journal or publisher, it will be distinctly identified through a specified publisher’s note.

Serious errors that invalid the results and conclusions of the study may require retractions.


In case a third party informs us about mistakes, problems or manipulation related to data or research itself, the Editor in Chief can decide to conduct an independent peer-review to establish whether the published data are reliable or accurate. In particular, the journal follows the COPE’s guidance to deal with warnings of image manipulation in a published article. The Editor in Chief can decide to retract an article without the consent of the authors in case of malpractice or evident mistakes.

Retractions will be considered by the journal in case of evidence of unreliable data (i.e., experimental error), plagiarism, unethical research , and misconduct (i.e., data fabrication and image manipulation). In particular, the Editor in Chief may consider retracting a publication following guidelines on Good Publication Practice as reported in COPE and in ICMJE guidelines.

  • A retraction notice, with a direct link to the original retracted article, will be published in the in the first available issue;
  • The retraction notice will clearly state the title and authors, the issue of publication, the DOI, and the PMID in the retraction heading;
  • The retraction notice will be freely available to all readers and will state who is retracting the article and the detailed reason(s) for retraction.
  • The original retracted article will be flagged as retracted with a red label on the original PDF file.

All requests for retractions by authors must be sent by the corresponding author who should provide detailed reasons for retraction. Authors should also provide a signed document stating that all authors agree with retraction and related reasons. The Editor in Chief reserves the right to start an investigation after authors’ request to retract the manuscript to assess the article’s results and validity.

Expressions of Concern

Following guidelines on Good Publication Practice as reported in COPE, the Editor in Chief may consider issuing an Expression of Concern if well-founded concerns arise after publication to warn readers that an investigation is ongoing and in case the investigation may take more time to be concluded.

Expressions of Concern may be issued also in case an investigation has proved inconclusive and if there remain strong indicators that the concerns are valid.

  • An expression of concern, with a direct link to the original article, will be published in the in the first available issue;
  • The expression of concern will clearly state the title and authors, the issue of publication, the DOI, and the PMID in the expression of concern heading;
  • The expression of concern notice will be freely available to all readers and will state the reason for investigation.

Preservation and Archiving

European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences is committed to ensuring the permanent availability, accessibility and preservation of scholarly research by upgrading digital file formats to comply with new technology standards. All our files and manuscripts are archived and preserved in CLOCKSS