OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze health-related factors associated with poor nutritional status (PNS) of a representative group of Polish older people, based on data from the PolSenior project (the first nation-wide study of Polish senior citizens).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nutritional status was assessed in 3751 community-dwelling older people (1770 females, mean age: 77.4±8.0 years) using the Mini Nutritional Assessment – Short Form. Elements of comprehensive geriatric assessment (cognitive and mood screening), selected medical data were analyzed in relation to the nutritional status. These were: the number of medications, the number of chronic diseases, selected diseases potentially related to malnutrition (anaemia, stroke, peptic ulcer, Parkinson’s disease, cancer – past or present), total edentulism, use of dentures, and chronic pain.
RESULTS: PNS was observed in 44.2% of participants. Female sex [OR 1.72, 95% Cl (1.45-2.04)], advanced age [OR 2.16 (1.80-2.58)], symptoms of depression [OR 11.52 (9.24-14.38)], cognitive impairment [OR 1.52 (1.20-1.93], multimorbidity [OR 1.27 (1.04-1.57)], anaemia [OR 1.80 (1.41-2.29)] and total edentulism [OR 1.26 (1.06-1.49)] were independently correlated with PNS.
CONCLUSIONS: PNS in Polish elderly population is strongly related to the occurrence of symptoms of depression. People in advanced age with symptoms of depression, cognitive impairment, multimorbidity, anaemia and total edentulism should be screened and monitored for early symptoms of malnutrition.Free PDF Download
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R. Krzyminska-Siemaszko, J. Chudek, A. Suwalska, M. Lewandowicz, M. Mossakowska, R. Kroll-Balcerzak, B. Wizner, S. Tobis, K. Mehr, K. Wieczorowska-Tobis
Health status correlates of malnutrition in the polish elderly population – Results of the Polsenior Study
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 20 - N. 21