Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2012; 16 (1 Suppl): 16-21

Atrioventricular plane displacement: does it predict in-hospital outcome after acute myocardial infarction?

W. Nammas, E. El-Okda*

Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt)
*Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University Cairo (Egypt)


Background and Objectives: Atrioventricular plane displacement is a well-accepted method for assessment of left ventricular systolic function. We explored the ability of atrioventricular plane displacement to predict in-hospital outcome in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction.Materials and Methods: Ninety three patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction were prospectively included. Each patient underwent trans-thoracic echocardiography for measurement of the ejection fraction by the Simpson’s method. Atrioventricular plane displacement was measured from the apical views, assessed in four different regions, namely, the septal, lateral, anterior, and inferior ones, and the mean value was calculated. We used a cutoff value to classify patients into a group with atrioventricular plane displacement < 10 mm and another with atrioventricular plane displacement  ≥ 10 mm. Similarly, patients were classified into those with ejection fraction < 40% and others with ejection fraction ≥ 40%. All patients were followed-up during their in-hospital stay for the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events, namely, death, heart failure, complex ventricular arrhythmias, post-infarction angina, or mechanical complications.

Results: During the follow-up period (3±1.5 days), major adverse cardiac events occurred in 16 (72.7%) patients with atrioventricular plane displacement < 10 mm, and in 6 (8.5%) paitients with atrioventricular plane displacement < 10 mm, p < 0.01. An atrioventricular plan displacement below 10 mm was able to predict the occurrence of major events with a sensitivity 72.7%, specificity 91.5%, NPV 91.5%, PVP 72.7%. Similarly, an ejection fraction below 40% predicted the occurrence of major events with a sensitivity 72.7%, specificity 90.1%, NPV 91.4%, PVP 69.6%. We found a strong correlation between an atrioventricular plane displacement < 10 mm, and an ejection fraction < 40%, p < 0.01.

Conclusion: Left atrioventricular plane displacement below 10 mm, can adequately predict the occurrence of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events after acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction, with a high correlation with ejection fraction below 40%.

Corresponding Author: Wail Nammas, MD; e-mail: wnammas@hotmail.com

Free PDF Download

To cite this article

W. Nammas, E. El-Okda*
Atrioventricular plane displacement: does it predict in-hospital outcome after acute myocardial infarction?

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2012
Vol. 16 - N. 1 Suppl
Pages: 16-21