BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the factors affecting the survival of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) according to their treatment regimens, including best supportive care (BSC), chemotherapy, surgical group and multimodality (MM) therapy.
PATIENTS: A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical data and treatment outcomes of 400 patients registered in our hospital with MPM between January 1989 and April 2010.
RESULTS: Mean age (p < 0.001), presence of asbestos exposure (p = 0.0014), presence of smoking history (p < 0.001), Karnofsky performance status (p < 0.001), histological subtype (p = 0.034) and stage (p < 0.001) variables were found to be significantly different among the four treatment regimens.
Mean survival time of all patients was 12.32 months. Mean survival time 10.5 months for the BSC group, 15.7 for the surgical group, 16.02 for the chemotherapy group, and 26.55 for the MM group. There were significant differences in mean survival time among the four treatment regimens. In addition, a significant difference was found in survival time between the two chemotherapy groups (p = 0.032). Mean survival time for cisplatin + gemcitabine was found to be 14.49 months and for cisplatin + pemetrexed, 18.34 months.
CONCLUSIONS: The MM group had better survival rates than the other groups. The new chemotherapy combination, cisplatin + pemetrexed, can be helpful in improving survival time.
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A. Abakay, O. Abakay, A.C. Tanrikulu, C. Sezgi, H. Sen, H. Kaya, M. Kucukoner, M.A. Kaplan, Y. Celik, A. Senyigit
Effects of treatment regimens on survival in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 17 - N. 1