OBJECTIVE: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is a clinical syndrome associated with cognitive decline in patients after anesthesia. This study aimed to investigate the effect of VB12 (Vitamin B12), a kind of necessary micronutrients promoting the growth and development of the nervous system, on cognitive dysfunction induced by isoflurane anesthesia.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen-month-old rats were exposed to or were not exposed to 1.4% isoflurane for 2 h. Two hours before isoflurane exposure, rats in groups with VB12 were injected intramuscularly with VB12 at 10 or 20 μg. Two weeks later, rats were subjected to Barnes maze and Morris water maze.
RESULTS: Rats exposed to isoflurane had significant impairments in long-term spatial memory assessed by Barnes maze. There was no statistical significance in the percentage of swimming time and path length in the Morris water maze tests among five groups, suggesting that isoflurane may not impair the recall of learned information in rats. Isoflurane increased the expression of interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and activated caspase 3 in the hippocampus, but not cortex of the rats. The increase of IL-1β and activated caspase 3 was attenuated by VB12. However, isoflurane did not change the amount of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and β-amyloid peptide in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex.
CONCLUSIONS: VB12 can attenuate cognitive dysfunction induced by isoflurane anesthesia. At the same time, IL-1β may play an important role in this isoflurane effect.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
H.-Y. Sha, J.-B. Zhao, M.-X. Sha, S.-M. Guo
Effects of Vitamin B12 on postoperative cognitive dysfunction induced by isoflurane anesthesia in rats
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 21 - N. 8