OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics of phloroglucinol between an orally disintegrating tablet and an orally lyophilized tablet of phloroglucinol in healthy volunteers under fasting condition.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A rapid and simple method based on high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for the determination of phloroglucinol in human plasma. The plasma sample was prepared by liquid-liquid extraction, and paracetamol was chosen as the internal standard. Phloroglucinol and IS were separated on a C18 column with a mobile phase consisted of methanol/water (80:20 v/v) with 0.02% formic acid. HPLC-MS/MS analyses were performed on a triple- quadruple tandem mass spectrometer by monitoring protonated parent→daughter ion pairs at m/z 125.0→56.9 for phloroglucinol, and m/z 150.2→107.0 for paracetamol (IS). The method was the high sensitivity with a lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) of 1.976 ng/mL.
RESULTS: Drug and IS were detected by HPLC/MS/MS with negative electrospray ionization (ESI). Accuracy and precision for the assay were determined by calculating the intra- and inter-batch variation of quality control (QC) samples at three concentration levels. The relative standard deviation (RSD) was less than 15.0%. The detection and quantitation of drug and IS within 4.5 min make this method suitable for high-throughput analyses. In this study, the Cmax of phloroglucinol were calculated to 515.6 ± 134.4 ng/mL and 536.0 ± 144.8 ng/mL for the test drug and the reference drug, respectively. The AUC0-t values were 459.5 ± 81.03 ng·mL-1·h and 491.8 ± 95.17 ng·mL-1·h for the test drug and the reference drug; 24 subjects completed the study, respectively. The geometric mean ratio (GMR) and the 90% confidence intervals (CIs) of Cmax and AUC0-t of phloroglucinol were 97.1 (90.2-103.9) and 93.8 (88.7-99.2), respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The method was employed for the first time during pharmacokinetic studies of phloroglucinol in human plasma following a single dose of phloroglucinol 160 mg tablets. There was no significant difference in pharmacokinetic profiles between the two treatments.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
X.-Q. Li, R.-T. Wang, Q.-H. Wang, X.-L. Tang, C.-T. Lu, H.-G. Gong, A.-D. Wen
Determination of phloroglucinol by HPLC-MS/MS and its application to a bioequivalence study in healthy volunteers
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 21 - N. 8