In infants, the most common cause of femoral artery is thrombosis and iatrogenic arterial injuries usually occur after femoral artery catheterization procedures. Management of this complication includes heparin infusion, thrombolytic agents, interventional radiologic procedures, surgical thrombectomy and by-pass surgery.
Signs of arterial thrombosis developed after femoral artery catheterization procedure in the right lower extremity of 9-month-old female infant with methyl malonic acidemia. Heparin infusion was started after confirming the diagnosis of femoral artery thrombosis by ultrasonography. Because of there was no response to heparin treatment, thrombolytic therapy (t-PA) was started after 24 hours. Again, because of there was no response to all medication, surgical thrombectomy was performed. Was entered right common femoral artery with 3.0 F Fogarty catheter and fresh thrombus material was removed from the proximal and distal segments of the femoral artery. Antegrade and retrograde blood flow was achieved.
After the procedure clinical signs and the symptoms of the thrombosis were resolved rapidly. There were no any complications in the postoperative period.
This case encouraged us for using surgical thrombectomy in the treatment of femoral artery thrombosis in infants who do not respond to medication.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
C. Yavuz, H. Cil, S. Demirtas, I. Yolbas, E. Benli
Successful embolectomy in a femoral artery thrombosis caused by femoral artery catheterization in a infant
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 16 - N. 4 Suppl