OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) and control women, were protected from in vitro H2O2-induced oxidative stress after addition of antioxidants.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: PBMC, from 8 HT women and 3 healthy women (controls), were cultured in the presence of 200 µM H2O2 alone, with subsequent addition of myo-inositol (Myo) (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 µM), selenomethionine (SelMet) (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 µM), or their combination (0.25+0.25, 0.5+0.5, 1.0+1.0 µM). PBMC proliferation, vitality, genotoxicity (Comet score) and secretion in the medium of the chemokines CXCL10 [IP10], CCL2 e CXCL9 [MIG] were the indices measured.
RESULTS: PBMC proliferation was decreased by H2O2 alone, and it decreased further and dose-dependently in either group (greatest decrease with Myo+SelMet in HT). H2O2 alone decreased vitality by 5% in controls and 10% in the HT group, but vitality was rescued by the three additions. The addition of H2O2 alone increased the Comet score at +505% above baseline in controls and +707% in HT women. In either group, each addition dose-dependently contrasted genotoxicity. Concentrations of chemokines in the medium were increased by H2O2 alone, and in HT women more than in controls. Each addition dose-dependently decreased these concentrations in either group, and often below baseline levels, with Myo+SelMet being the most potent addition (up to approximately -80% of baseline).
CONCLUSIONS: The tested antioxidants exert beneficial effects on PBMC exposed in vitro to H2O2-induced oxidative stress in both control and HT women. Particularly, the association Myo+SelMet is the most effective. After the demonstration of a favorable in vitro outcomes in a large cohort of HT patients, we could predict favorable in vivo outcomes given by the same supplement. Thus, one can select HT patients with a high chance of benefit from supplementation.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
S. Benvenga, T. Vicchio, F. Di Bari, R. Vita, P. Fallahi, S. M. Ferrari, S. Catania, C. Costa, A. Antonelli
Favorable effects of myo-inositol, selenomethionine or their combination on the hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress of peripheral mononuclear cells from patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: preliminary in vitro studies
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 21 - N. 2 Suppl