OBJECTIVE: The effect of remifentanil on stress response to surgery is unclear. However, there are not clinical studies investigating the relationship between blood remifentanil concentrations and stress hormones. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the association between blood remifentanil concentrations measured after pneumoperitoneum and cortisol (CORT) or prolactin (PRL) ratio (intraoperative/preoperative value), in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients did not receive any pre-anesthetic medication. Anesthesia induction was standardized. Anesthesia maintenance was performed with inhaled sevoflurane at age-adjusted 1.0 minimum alveolar concentration and intravenous remifentanil at infusion rate ranging from 0.1 to 0.4 mcg/kg/min. Blood samples were withdrawn before anesthesia induction and 5 min after achieving a pneumoperitoneum pressure of 12 mmHg. Correlation analyses were performed to evaluate the relationship between measured blood remifentanil concentrations, CORT or PRL ratio (intraoperative/preoperative value) and remifentanil dose delivered by the pump.
RESULTS: A significant inverse correlation was found between CORT ratio and measured blood remifentanil concentration (p=0.03) or planned remifentanil dose (p=0.04). No correlations were found between blood remifentanil concentration and PRL ratio (p=0.83).
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the CORT response to surgical stress is more efficiently counteracted by increased blood remifentanil concentration.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
P. Aceto, C. Dello Russo, C. Lai, V. Perilli, N. Fucci, N. De Giovanni, A. Piras, P. Navarra, L. Sollazzi
Relationship between blood remifentanil concentration and stress hormone levels during pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 21 - N. 19