OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively compare the clinical outcomes of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) and cholecystectomy in patients with acute cholecystitis admitted to an urban University Hospital.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 646 patients with acute cholecystitis. Ninety patients had placement of a PC at their index hospitalization, and 556 underwent cholecystectomy. Of the 90 patients with PC, 13 underwent subsequent elective cholecystectomy.
RESULTS: Overall, in-hospital mortality and postoperative complications were significantly higher in patients who received PC than in those who underwent cholecystectomy. In the ASA score 1-2 group, patients with PC were significantly older and had a longer postoperative stay while their mortality and morbidity were similar to patients who underwent cholecystectomy. In patients with ASA score of 3, PC and cholecystectomy did not differ significantly for demographic variables and clinical outcomes such as hospital stay, in-hospital mortality, postoperative complications and distribution of complications according to the classification of Clavien-Dildo. In mild, moderate, and severe cholecystitis, patients who underwent PC were significantly older than those who received cholecystectomy. In general, in mild, moderate and severe cholecystitis, the clinical outcomes did not differ significantly between patients who received PC and cholecystectomy. Morbidity was higher in patients with mild cholecystitis who underwent PC. Of the 77 patients dismissed from the hospital with drainage, 12 (15.6%) developed biliary complications and 5 needed substitutions of the drainage itself.
CONCLUSIONS: PC does not offer advantages compared to cholecystectomy in the treatment of acute cholecystitis. Its routine use is therefore questioned. There is need of an adequate, randomized study that compares PC and cholecystectomy in high-risk patients with moderate-severe cholecystitis.Free PDF Download
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A. La Greca, M. Di Grezia, S. Magalini, A. Di Giorgio, C. Lodoli, G. Di Flumeri, V. Cozza, G. Pepe, M. Foco, M. Bossola, D. Gui
Comparison of cholecystectomy and percutaneous cholecystostomy in acute cholecystitis: results of a retrospective study
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 21 - N. 20