OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests aberrant microRNAs (miRNAs) expression is involved in cancer development through multiple. Although miR338 has shown to have tumor suppression ability and anti-migration effects in some cancers, its regulatory role and molecular mechanism in the development of gastric cancer cells yet remains little known. This work aims to investigate miR-338 in regulating Wnt/β-catenin pathway in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in gastric cancers.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human gastric cancer cells were transfected with either miR-338 mimic or erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular (Eph)A2-targeting siRNA. The biological function of miR-338 in gastric cancer cells was investigated using a MTT assay and invasion assay. Western blot assay was used to measure the levels of EphA2, GSK-3β, phospho-GSK-3βSer9, c-Myc, E-cadherin, Vimentin, and β-catenin of at protein level.
RESULTS: Our data showed that miR-338 inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of human gastric cancer cells. miR-338 affected the Wnt/β-catenin pathway by increasing p-GSK-3βSer9 and decreasing GSK-3βSer9 and c-Myc at protein levels. EphA2 protein level was downregulated and positively correlated with EMT markers. Both silencing of EphA2 and transfection with miR-338 mimic resulted in the up-regulation of the EMT molecular marker E-cadherin and down-regulation of Vimentin and β-catenin at protein levels.
CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that miR-338 is a potential tumor suppressor in gastric cancer and miR-338 inhibited EMT of gastric cancer cells through deactivation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling targeting at EphA2.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
B. Song, H.-X. Lin, L.-L. Dong, J.-J. Ma, Z.-G. Jiang
MicroRNA-338 inhibits proliferation, migration, and invasion of gastric cancer cells by the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 5