Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018; 22 (5): 1333-1341

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201803_14475

Up-regulation of long non-coding RNA SNHG1 contributes to proliferation and metastasis in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma

S.-X. Lin, H. Jiang, G.-Z. Xiang, W.-R. Zhang, Y.-H. Weng, F.-D. Qiu, J. Wu, H.-G. Wang

Department of Otolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China. lsxjh@163.com


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of human long non-coding ribonucleic acid (RNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) in laryngeal carcinoma tissues, and to study the effect of SNHG1 on biological functions of laryngeal carcinoma HEp-2 cells.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression levels of SNHG1 in 20 pairs of laryngeal carcinoma tissues and para-carcinoma tissues were detected via Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Laryngeal carcinoma cells were transfected with small interfering (si)-SNHG1 transiently using the RNA interference technique. The effects of si-SNHG1 on proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration of laryngeal carcinoma HEp-2 cells were detected via cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation assay, flow cytometry, and wound healing and Transwell assay, respectively.

RESULTS: Results of PCR showed that the expression of SNHG1 in carcinoma tissues was increased compared with that in para-carcinoma tissues. Results of CCK-8 and colony formation assay revealed that SNHG1 knockdown could significantly inhibit the proliferation of laryngeal carcinoma HEp-2 cells. Flow cytometry showed that transfection with si-SNHG1 could promote the apoptosis of HEp-2 cells. Moreover, results of wound healing and Transwell assay showed that SNHG1 knockdown could inhibit invasion and migration of HEp-2 cells through inhibiting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process and expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in cells.

CONCLUSIONS: The expression of SNHG1 in laryngeal carcinoma tissues is significantly higher than that in para-carcinoma tissue. Patients with high expression of SNHG1 have a poor prognosis. SNHG1 knockdown in HEp-2 cells can inhibit cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis, and can promote apoptosis.

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S.-X. Lin, H. Jiang, G.-Z. Xiang, W.-R. Zhang, Y.-H. Weng, F.-D. Qiu, J. Wu, H.-G. Wang
Up-regulation of long non-coding RNA SNHG1 contributes to proliferation and metastasis in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2018
Vol. 22 - N. 5
Pages: 1333-1341
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201803_14475