OBJECTIVE: Drug resistance has become an important factor that threatens the survival and prognosis of patients with breast cancer, especially in patients with advanced breast cancer. Several microRNAs have been proved to participate in the resistant process; however, the role of miR-574 in doxorubicin (Dox) resistant breast cancer is still unclear.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real-time poly chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was employed to detect the expression level of miR-574 in breast cancer Dox-resistant MCF-7/Adr cell line and parental MCF-7 cell line. Using miR-574 mimics and inhibitors, miR-574 level was up- or down- regulated. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was handled to detect the IC50, and flow cytometric analysis was employed to measure the apoptosis and cell circle. Dual-luciferase and Western-blot experiments were applied to verify the direct target gene of miR-574.
RESULTS: miR-574 expression level was significantly higher in MCF-7/Adr cells compared to normal MCF-7 cells. Up-regulation of miR-574 level in MCF-7 cells promoted the cell growth and G0/G1-to-S phase transition but inhibited cell apoptosis. However, knockdown of miR-574 in MCF-7/Adr cells decreased the IC50 and cell growth. Using luciferase assay, SMAD4 was confirmed to be a potential target of miR-574, and the expression of SMAD4 protein was regulated by miR-574. In blood samples of patients, the miR-574 level before chemotherapy was higher than that after chemotherapy.
CONCLUSIONS: We revealed miR-574 could promote doxorubicin resistance of breast cancer MCF-7 cells via down-regulating SMAD4, thus providing a novel target for advancing breast cancer chemotherapy.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
F.-D. Sun, P.-C. Wang, R.-L. Luan, S.-H. Zou, X. Du
MicroRNA-574 enhances doxorubicin resistance through down-regulating SMAD4 in breast cancer cells
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 5