OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression changes of MMP-2 (matrix metalloproteinases-2) mediated by IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factors-1) STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) pathway in the sclera of the form-deprivation myopia guinea pigs.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four three-week-old guinea pigs were randomly divided into 4 groups: group A (Control), B, C and D. Guinea pigs in group A were sacrificed after 21 days without any special treatment. Guinea pigs in group B were sacrificed 7 days after receiving stitch in the right eye. Guinea pigs in group C were sacrificed 14 days after receiving stitch in the right eye. Guinea pigs in group D were sacrificed 21 days after receiving stitch in the right eye. Eyeball refraction and axial length of guinea pigs were measured before sacrifice. Eyeballs of guinea pigs were enucleated after sacrifice. The expressions of IGF-1, STAT3 and MMP-2 in scleral tissue were detected by Western blot.
RESULTS: Axial length extension and myopia appeared in the right eye of guinea pigs in group B. The expressions of IGF-1, STAT3 and MMP-2 in the sclera significantly increased after 7 days of occlusion compared with that in control group A (p<0.05). In the right eye of group C, the axial prolongation and myopia formation appeared after 14-day occlusion. The expressions of IGF-1, STAT3 and MMP-2 in sclera significantly increased compared with that in group A (p<0.05). In the right eye of group D, the axial extension and myopia formation occurred. IGF-1, STAT3 and MMP-2 in scleral significantly upregulated 21 days after occlusion (p<0.05). Furthermore, at different stages of deprivation, protein expressions of MMP-2 and IGF-1 in sclera were positively correlated (r = 0.962, p<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: Form-deprivation of guinea pigs lead to increased expressions of IGF-1, STAT3 and MMP-2 in the sclera and myopia of guinea pigs. The expressions of IGF-1, STAT3 and MMP-2 increased progressively over the time of deprivation. Additionally, overexpression of MMP-2 mediated by IGF-1/STAT3 pathway in sclera might promote the formation of myopia.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
Y.-X. Liu, Y. Sun
MMP-2 participates in the sclera of guinea pig with form-deprivation myopia via IGF-1/STAT3 pathway
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 9