BACKGROUND: Risk factors for suicide are at least partially heritable and functional polymorphisms of targeted genes have been suggested to be implicated in the pathogenesis of this phenomenon. However, other studies examining the association between specific gene variants and suicide revealed inconsistent findings. We aims to evaluate the possible association between MAO-A3, CYP1A2*1F and GNB3 gene variants, hopelessness and suicidal risk in a sample of subjects with chronic migraine and affective temperamental dysregulation.
METHODS: 56 women were genotyped for MAO-A3, CYP1A2*1F and GNB3 gene variants. Participants were also assessed using Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), the Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A), and the Suicidal History Self-Rating Screening Scale (SHSS).
RESULTS: Patients with higher total scores on affective dysregulated temperaments are more likely to have higher BHS (11.27+/=5.54 vs. 5.73+/=3.81; t19.20 = –3.57; p < 0.01) and higher SHSS total scores (4.79+/=3.31 vs. 1.05±2.31; t17.74 = –3.90; p < 0.001) than those with lower total scores. 67% of patients in the dysregulated group has BHS total scores >= 9 indicating high levels of hopelessness. No association was found between MAO-A3, CYP1A2*1F and GNB3 gene variants and suicidal risk as assessed by BHS and SHSS.
CONCLUSIONS: This study did not sustain the association between MAO-A3, CYP1A2*1F and GNB3 gene variants and increased suicidal risk in patients with chronic migraine and affective temperamental dysregulation. Further studies investigating the gene-environment interaction or focusing on other genetic risk factors involved in suicidal behaviour are needed.
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G. Serafini, M. Pompili, M. Innamorati, G. Gentile, M. Borro, D.A. Lamis, N. Lala, A. Negro, M. Simmaco, P. Girardi, P. Martelletti
Gene variants with suicidal risk in a sample of subjects with chronic migraine and affective temperamental dysregulation
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 16 - N. 10