OBJECTIVE: We investigated the correlations of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), Silence information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and energy metabolism with myocardial hypertrophy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Myocardial hypertrophy experimental model was established via transverse aortic constriction (TAC)-induced myocardial hypertrophy and phenylephrine (PE)-induced hypertrophic myocardial cell culture. After activation of AMPK, the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expressions in myocardial tissue- and myocardial cell hypertrophy-related genes, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), were detected. The production rate of 14C-labeled 14CO2 from palmitic acid was quantitatively determined to detect the fatty acid and glucose oxidation of hypertrophic myocardial tissues or cells, and the glucose uptake of myocardial cells was studied using [14C] glucose. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were performed to detect the changes in SIRT1 mRNA and protein expressions in hypertrophic myocardial tissues. Moreover, SIRT1 small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) was used to interfere in SIRT1 expression to further investigate the role of SIRT1 in the effect of AMPK activation on myocardial hypertrophy.
RESULTS: AMPK activation could significantly reduce the mRNA expressions of ANP and β-MHC in vitro and in vivo. AMPK could increase the ejection fraction (EF) and decrease the protein synthesis rate in myocardial cells in mice with myocardial hypertrophy. Besides, AMPK activation could increase the fatty acid oxidation, improve the glucose uptake and reduce the glucose oxidation. After AMPK activation, both SIRT1 mRNA and protein expressions in hypertrophic myocardial tissues and myocardial cells were increased. After SIRT1 siRNA was further used to interfere in SIRT1 expression in myocardial cells, it was found that mRNA expressions and protein synthesis rates of ANP and β-MHC were increased.
CONCLUSIONS: The activation of AMPK can inhibit the myocardial hypertrophy, which may be realized through regulating the myocardial energy metabolism via SIRT1 signaling pathway.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
H.-W. Dong, L.-F. Zhang, S.-L. Bao
AMPK regulates energy metabolism through the SIRT1 signaling pathway to improve myocardial hypertrophy
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 9