OBJECTIVE: To explore the reversion of the excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists against the impairment of learning-memory and the hyperphosphorylation of protein Tau induced by fetal intrauterine distress in neonatal rats.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis of variance of factorial design set up two intervention factors, fetal intrauterine distress (two levels: no fetal intrauterine distress and a course of fetal intrauterine distress) and the excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists (three levels: Saline; NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801; astragalosides). Forty-eight pregnant rats were randomly divided into six experimental groups (n=8, in each group). After the end of the fetal intrauterine distress, the pregnant rats continued until the birth of newborn rats. When the neonatal rats grow to 12W, the Morris water maze test started in order to evaluate learning-memory. The hippocampus was removed from newborn rats within 1 day after the Morris water maze test finished. The content of glutamate in the hippocampus of rats was detected by high performance liquid chromatography. Besides, the content of protein Tau including Tau5 (total protein Tau), p-PHF1Ser396/404, p-AT8Ser199/202, p-12E8Ser262 in the hippocampus of rats, was examined with the method of immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining (SP).
RESULTS: Fetal intrauterine distress and the glutamate ionic receptor blockers could induce the impairment of learning-memory in neonatal rats, extending the evasive latency time and shorten the space exploration time. Both influences present subtract effect. Fetal intrauterine distress could significantly up-regulate the content of glutamate in the hippocampus of neonatal rats, which was not affected by the glutamate ionic receptor blockers. Fetal intrauterine distress and the glutamate ionic receptor blockers did not affect the total protein Tau in the hippocampus of rats. Moreover, fetal intrauterine distress could increase the hyperphosphorylation of protein Tau in the hippocampus of neonatal rats, which were reduced by the glutamate ionic receptor blockers. Both influences presented subtract effect.
CONCLUSIONS: We showed that fetal intrauterine distress upregulates the content of glutamate in the hippocampus of neonatal rats, up-regulating the hyperphosphorylation of protein Tau and inducing the impairment of learning-memory in neonatal rats.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
X.-S. Wang, H. Huang
Study of molecular mechanisms of learning and memory impairment in neonatal rats post intrauterine distress via the pathway of Tau protein hyperphosphorylation
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 9