Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018; 22 (9): 2839-2846

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201805_14985

Works on heart, how about brain? Effect of hyperkalemia on focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats

T. Qin, N. Li, X.-F. Tan, J.-H. Zheng, R. Tao, M.-H. Chen

Intensive Care Unit, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China. xyicucmh@sina.com


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of hyperkalemia on the brain after I/R in h transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 adult male SD rats were randomly assigned to four groups: (1) hyperkalemia 80 µg/g (HK80) group; (2) hyperkalemia 40 µg/g (HK40) group; (3) normal saline (NS) group; (4) sham (SH) group. The concentration of serum K+ was elevated in HK80 and HK40 groups. The transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model was used to assess the effect of hyperkalemia on the brain after I/R. After 24 h reperfusion, the infarct volume and cell damage of rat’s I/R brain tissue sections were analyzed. The concentration of K+, Ca2+ and calmodulin (CaM), the activity of Ca-ATPase, the expression of Western blot of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and Na+/Ca2+ exchanger 1 (NCX1), were also measured.

RESULTS: After 24 h reperfusion, compared with NS group, the two-hyperkalemia groups (HK80 and HK40) were with less infarct volume and cell damage, higher concentration of K+ but lower Ca2+ and CaM compared with NS group. The activity of Ca-ATPase was also elevated, the expression of CaMK II and NCX1 were down-regulated in the two hyperkalemia groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Hyperkalemia could also ameliorate the brain I/R injury by alleviating calcium overload inhibiting the activity of NCX1, lowering the concentration of Ca2+.

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To cite this article

T. Qin, N. Li, X.-F. Tan, J.-H. Zheng, R. Tao, M.-H. Chen
Works on heart, how about brain? Effect of hyperkalemia on focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2018
Vol. 22 - N. 9
Pages: 2839-2846
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201805_14985