Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018; 22 (13): 4166-4180

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201807_15410

Elevated miR-21 is associated with poor prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Y. Yuan, X.-Y. Xu, H.-G. Zheng, B.-J. Hua

Graduate School, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China. huabaojinxs@126.com


OBJECTIVE: Increasing studies have investigated the prognostic value of high miR-21 expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with inconsistent results. We conducted this meta-analysis to explore whether the expression of miR-21 was associated with prognosis in NSCLC patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for relevant studies. Studies exploring the relationship between miR-21 expression and NSCLC prognosis and clinical pathology, and reporting enough data to get the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), were included. Random- or fixed-effect models were employed to calculated pooled hazard ratios (HRs) or risk ratio and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs).

RESULTS: A total of 28 eligible studies, including 24 for prognosis, 16 for clinicopathological features were identified. Our results revealed that elevated miR-21 was related to unfavorable overall survival (OS) in NSCLC (HR = 1.960, 95% CI = 1.510-2.554, p = 0.000). Similar results were found in disease-free survival, relapse-free survival, and cancer-special death. In a meta-analysis of clinical pathology, overexpressed miR-21 was significantly related to lung adenocarcinoma, larger tumor size, and advanced clinical stage.

CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis suggested that miR-21 may function as an unfavorable biomarker of prognosis in NSCLC patients.

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To cite this article

Y. Yuan, X.-Y. Xu, H.-G. Zheng, B.-J. Hua
Elevated miR-21 is associated with poor prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2018
Vol. 22 - N. 13
Pages: 4166-4180
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201807_15410