OBJECTIVE: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-(MERS-CoV) infection is an evolving worldwide health crisis. The early diagnosis and management of the disease remains a major challenge. This study designed to discuss the epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical appearances of MERS-CoV infections.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a broad search of the English-language literature in “PubMed” “Medline” “Web of knowledge”, “EMBASE” and “Google Scholar” World Health Organization-WHO” using the key words “Middle East Respiratory Syndrome”, “MERS”, “MERS-CoV” “Epidemiology” “Transmission” “Pathogenesis” “Clinical Characteristics”. We reviewed the literature on epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical appearances of MERS-CoV infection and the required information was documented.
RESULTS: The global prevalence of MERS-CoV infection from June 2012 to April 2018 is 2206 people. The number of cases reported from Saudi Arabia is 1831 (83%) with mortality rate of 787 (35.67%). The main clinical manifestations are fever, chills, generalized myalgia, cough, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The age-allied prevalence of MERS-CoV was highest amongst elderly people with chronic debilitating diseases such as pulmonary diseases, end-stage renal illness, diabetes mellitus and malignancy.
CONCLUSIONS: MERS‐CoV infection is an emerging global health concern, affected people in 27 countries in the various continents. MERS-CoV infection has been identified mainly in the Middle East, Europe, Africa, Asia and North America. Early detection and management of MERS-CoV infection is of critical importance to minimize the burden of the disease.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
M.S. Nassar, M.A. Bakhrebah, S.A. Meo, M.S. Alsuabeyl, W.A. Zaher
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection: epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical characteristics
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 15