OBJECTIVE: By constructing the severe burns model in rat, we explored the effects of different doses of Ulinastatin (UTI) on protecting myocardium from oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The severe burns model in rat was first constructed. Burned rats were intervened with different doses of UTI. Contents of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), Interleukin-1 (IL-1), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in rat serum and heart homogenate were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Activities of SOD (superoxide dismutase), CAT (catalase), GSH-Px (glutathione peroxidase), and MDA (malondialdehyde) were detected by commercial kits. The inflammation and pathological changes in rat heart were observed by HE (Hematoxylin-Eosin) staining. Protein expressions of Cox-2, iNOS, NF-κB, Nrf2, and HO-1 in rat myocardium were detected by Western blot.
RESULTS: Higher levels of cTnI, IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α were found in model group than those of control group (p<0.05). Besides, decreased contents of cTnI, IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α were observed in both UTI 50 ku/kg group and UTI 100 ku/kg group compared with those of model group (p<0.05). Decreased activities of SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px, as well as increased MDA level were observed in model group than those of control group (p<0.05). However, UTI treatment remarkably elevated SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities, whereas downregulated MDA level in burned rats (p<0.05). Abundant infiltration of inflammatory cells was found in the rat’s myocardium of model group, which was alleviated in UTI group in a dose-dependent manner. Upregulated Cox-2, iNOS, and NF-κB, as well as downregulated Nrf2 and HO-1 were found in model group compared with those of control group (p<0.05). UTI pretreatment remarkably reversed the above-mentioned trends.
CONCLUSIONS: Ulinastatin alleviates myocardial injury induced by severe burns. It exerts a protective role in myocardium via inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammatory response.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
F. He, Y. Song, W.-J. Ying, X.-Y. Jin, Z.-X. Wang, J.-D. Su, G.-Y. Wang
Effects of Ulinastatin on myocardial oxidative stress and inflammation in severely burned rats
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 17