OBJECTIVE: Endometrial cancer (EC) is a complex gynecological neoplasm with several clinical, histopathological and genetic features. Different hormonal, metabolic and biochemical axes are involved in pathogenesis. Obesity is a well-known risk factor for this disease and the role of local and systemic effects of adipose tissue, especially in the promotion of subclinical chronic inflammation, is an important issue. Indeed, inflammation is related to the pathogenesis of different tumors, including EC. This review aims to remark the role of obesity and inflammation in the pathogenesis of EC cancer through an exploration of the current literature.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a comprehensive review of the literature through a PubMed search using key words and including English language papers looking at this topic.
RESULTS: Only few authors analyzed the role of inflammatory cytokines released by adipose tissue in visceral abdominal fat depots. Tumor Necrosis Factor-α, Interleukin-6, Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist, Nuclear Factor-kB, Leptin, Adiponectin and C Reactive Protein were studied for cancer risk prediction models, risk stratification or targeted therapies. Furthermore, genetic studies evaluated the effect of inflammatory cytokines secreted by visceral adipocytes in the modulation of angiogenesis and signaling pathways such as PI3K/AKT/mTOR, that result altered in the pathogenesis of EC.
CONCLUSIONS: The identification of inflammatory biomarkers released by adipose tissue, in the pathogenesis of EC, could be useful in improving diagnostic accuracy, identifying targets of therapy, suggesting useful lifestyle behaviors. A deeper knowledge of the genetic background of alterations in inflammatory pathway genes could better define the population exposed to a higher susceptibility to EC due to genetic polymorphisms. Future studies are needed to better understand this field.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
C. Borghi, U. Indraccolo, G. Scutiero, P. Iannone, R. Martinello, P. Greco, F. Greco, L. Nappi
Biomolecular basis related to inflammation in the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 19