OBJECTIVE: Reduction in motility and number of spermatozoa and change in their morphology are some of the most relevant causes of male infertility. Production of reactive oxygen species may affect motility, morphology and DNA stability of spermatozoa. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of combined treatment with myo-inositol, alpha-lipoic acid, folic acid, betaine and vitamins (namely, Sinopol®) on semen parameters of sub-fertile men.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We recruited 143 sub-fertile men, 26-53 years aged, no-smokers, without any testicular pathologies, with a normal endocrinological/metabolic profile, and no concomitant consumption of drugs. Out of them, 25 patients did not meet study inclusion criteria mainly due to the history of genital diseases that came to light after Sinopol® prescription. Among the 118 men that fulfilled inclusion criteria, 10 (8.4%) patients were lost at follow-up and in 8 (6.8%) cases the partner got pregnant spontaneously. Thus, 100 patients completed the study and semen analysis was performed before and after 90 days of treatment.
RESULTS: Semen quality improved after 90 days of treatments, with a statistically significant increase of sperm concentration (p=0.0009), of number of spermatozoa (p=0.0017), of progressive motility (p=0.0047), of total motile sperm count (p=0.0010), and of normal sperm morphology (p<0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: For the first time we reported that a combination of nutraceuticals composed of myo-inositol, alpha-lipoic acid, folic acid, betaine and vitamins improves sperm parameters in sub-fertile men. We are aware that to clarify the clinical relevance of the data studies with larger sample sizes and longer durations are needed, as well as evaluation of myo-inositol and alpha-lipoic acid co-treatment effectiveness in improving the chances to obtain a pregnancy spontaneously or following assisted reproduction.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
P. Canepa, A. Dal Lago, C. De Leo, M. Gallo, C. Rizzo, E. Licata, P. Anserini, R. Rago, P. Scaruffi
Combined treatment with myo-inositol, alpha-lipoic acid, folic acid and vitamins significantly improves sperm parameters of sub-fertile men: a multi-centric study
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 20