OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common malignancy for cancer-associated death. This study aimed to investigate the effects of microRNA-124 (miR-124) on tumor proliferation of CRC in vivo and in vitro.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: MiR-124 mimics were synthesized and transfected into SW620 cells, which were divided into SW620, microRNA-normal control (miR-NC) and miR-124 mimics group. Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to examine miR-124, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand-20 (CCL20), tankyrase-2 (TNKS2), phospholipase Cbeta1 (PLCB1) and Wnt4. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was employed to evaluate cell proliferation. The interaction between miR-124 and PLCB1 was tested with the Dual-Luciferase assay. Cell cycle, apoptosis and invasion were also evaluated. CRC xenograft mouse model was established and tumor size was measured. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) was used to examine inflammation. Western blot was utilized to detect Wnt4.
RESULTS: MiR-124 was over-expressed in SW620 cells, significantly reduced CCL20 and enhanced TNKS2 compared to that of the miR-NC group (p<0.05). MiR-124 might play roles by initiating PLCB1 expression. MiR-124 significantly decreased cell viability compared to the miR-NC group (p<0.05). MiR-124 regulated cell cycle and markedly induced apoptosis and inhibited cell invasion compared to the miR-NC group (p<0.05). MiR-124 significantly decreased tumor size of CRC models compared to miR-NC mice (p<0.05). MiR-124 remarkably alleviated inflammation of tumor tissues. MiR-124 markedly enhanced Wnt4 expression compared to the miR-NC group (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: MiR-124 inhibited tumor cell proliferation in vitro and suppressed tumor growth in vivo by interacting with PLCB1 and regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
M.-L. Lu, Y. Zhang, J. Li, Y. Fu, W.-H. Li, G.-F. Zhao, X.-H. Li, L. Wei, G.-B. Liu, H. Huang
MicroRNA-124 inhibits colorectal cancer cell proliferation and suppresses tumor growth by interacting with PLCB1 and regulating Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 1