Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (1): 155-161

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201901_16759

Effects of EGCG on proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer SGC7901 cells via down-regulation of HIF-1α and VEGF under a hypoxic state

J.-D. Fu, J.-J. Yao, H. Wang, W.-G. Cui, J. Leng, L.-Y. Ding, K.-Y. Fan

Department of Digestive Disease, People’s Hospital of Rizhao, Affiliated Clinical Hospital of Jining Medical Univerity, Jining Medical University, Rizhao, Shandong, China. huiwang87@163.com


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on proliferation and apoptosis of human gastric cancer SGC7901 cells under a hypoxic state.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human gastric cancer SGC7901 cells were sub-cultured, and the cobalt chloride (CoCl2) hypoxia model was established. The blank control group (normoxia group), hypoxia control group (hypoxia group) and hypoxia + different concentrations of EGCG subgroups (20, 40, 60, 80, 100 μg/mL EGCG) were set up. Cell viability was detected via methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, apoptosis was detected via flow cytometry, and expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were detected via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting.

RESULTS: Relatively low concentrations of EGCG (20-80 μg/mL) presented no significant inhibiting effect on SGC7901 cell growth within a short time (24 h) (p>0.05). The increasing concentration of EGCG inhibited cell proliferation under a hypoxia state (p<0.05). EGCG induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner under hypoxia (p<0.05). EGCG could significantly impede expressions of HIF-1α and VEGF proteins (p<0.05), and down-regulate the level of VEGF mRNA (p<0.05), but it showed no significant effect on the HIF-1α mRNA expression (p>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: EGCG inhibited cell proliferation under hypoxia via the downregulation of HIF-1α and its downstream target gene VEGF levels, providing a theoretical basis for the early diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer in clinic.

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J.-D. Fu, J.-J. Yao, H. Wang, W.-G. Cui, J. Leng, L.-Y. Ding, K.-Y. Fan
Effects of EGCG on proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer SGC7901 cells via down-regulation of HIF-1α and VEGF under a hypoxic state

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 1
Pages: 155-161
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201901_16759