Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (4): 1591-1599

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201902_17118

Long non-coding RNA GHET1 promotes viability, migration and invasion of glioma cell line U251 by down-regulation of miR-216a

W. Cao, B. Liu, H. Ma

Department of Neurosurgery, Jining No. 1 People’s Hospital, Jining, Shandong, China. mahui0090@sohu.com


OBJECTIVE: Glioma is among the most aggressive of all human malignancies. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) gastric carcinoma highly expressed transcript 1 (GHET1) was considered an important oncogene in tumors. However, the role of GHET1 in glioma was rarely studied. The present work aimed to explore the effect of GHET1 on glioma cell line U251.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The viability, migration and invasion of U251 cells were analyzed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, and transwell migration/invasion assay, respectively. The relative expression of GHET1 and miR-216a were detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The expression of cell cycle-related proteins, cell metastasis-associated proteins and main factors in the JAK2/STAT3 and p53/survivin pathways was analyzed by Western blot. Cell transfection assay was conducted to alter expression of GHET1 and miR-216a in U251 cells.

RESULTS: The viability, migration and invasion of U251 cells were promoted by GHET1 overexpression. The pro-cell cycle genes including Cyclin D1, CDK4 and CDK6, and the pro-metastasis genes including MMP-9 and Vimentin were up-regulated after GHET1 was overexpressed. MiR-216a was found to be down-regulated by GHET1 overexpression, and it was involved in the effects of GHET1 on U251 cells. GHET1 might promote U251 cells by down-regulating miR-216a. Finally, we found that GHET1 overexpression activated the JAK2/STAT3 and p53/survivin signaling pathways by down-regulating miR-216a.

CONCLUSIONS: GHET1 overexpression increased viability, migration and invasion of U251 cells by down-regulating miR-216a. Mechanically, GHET1-miR-216a axis activated the JAK2/STAT3 and p53/survivin signaling pathways.

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To cite this article

W. Cao, B. Liu, H. Ma
Long non-coding RNA GHET1 promotes viability, migration and invasion of glioma cell line U251 by down-regulation of miR-216a

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 4
Pages: 1591-1599
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201902_17118