OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of rituximab combined with chemotherapy on the expression of serum exosome micro ribonucleic acid 451a (miR-451a) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to explore the possible underlying mechanism.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: 89 DLBCL patients (DLBCL group) receiving rituximab combined with chemotherapy were enrolled in this study. Meanwhile, 48 healthy controls (control group) were enrolled as well. Serum samples were collected from all patients before and after treatment, respectively. At the same time, blood samples of healthy people were collected, and serum exosome was extracted. Real-Time fluorescence-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to measure the expression level of serum exosome miR-451a. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of miR-451a. Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) 22.0 was employed for statistical analysis. Two-sided 95% confidence interval (CI) was used for all tests, and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
RESULTS: The expression level of miR-451a in the DLBCL group was significantly lower than that of the control group. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for the diagnostic efficacy of serum exosome miR-451a for DCBCL was 0.7147. After treatment, the level of serum exosome miR-451a in patients was significantly increased, whereas was still lower than the normal level. The AUC of ROC for evaluating the effect of serum exosome miR-451a in DCBCL was 0.8038.
CONCLUSIONS: Serum exosome miR-451a has moderate diagnostic efficiency for DLBCL. Moreover, miR-451a can act as an indicator for evaluating the efficacy of rituximab combined with chemotherapy in the DLBCL treatment.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
X.-B. Xiao, Y. Gu, D.-L. Sun, L.-Y. Ding, X.-G. Yuan, H.-W. Jiang, Z.-X. Wu
Effect of rituximab combined with chemotherapy on the expression of serum exosome miR-451a in patients with diffuse large b-cell lymphoma
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 4