OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the preoperative rectal cancer angiogenesis with Endorectal Power Doppler Ultrasonography by using the Power Doppler Vascularity Index (PDVI) calculated by imaging analysis software, and to compare it with the microvessel density (MVD) in surgical specimens
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 110 patients (39 females; mean age 61.5 years) with rectal cancer. Immunohistochemical staining of surgical specimens with anti-CD-31 antibody was used for MVD evaluation. The PDVI of each tumor was calculated using Endorectal Power Doppler with computer-assisted quantification of colour pixels.
RESULTS: Mean MVD – 163 ± 69 microvessels/mm2 (50-328) was used as a cutoff point, differentiating two groups of tumors with high (> 160 mm2) and low (≤ 160 mm2) angiogenic activity. Mean PDVI of 8.9 ± 6.0% (0-27.3) was used as a cutoff point, dividing two groups of tumors with high (> 8%) and low (≤ 8%) PDVI. The MVD and the PDVI showed a good positive correlation (r = 0.438, p = 0.002). Patients with low PDVI had 25 months longer overall survival (p < 0.05) than patients with high PDVI. Patients with low MVD had 36 months longer survival (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Endorectal Power Doppler Ultrasonography is a reliable and noninvasive method for assessment of the extent of rectal cancer angiogenesis. Tumor angiogenesis assessed by the PDVI correlated with histological MVD determination and could predict survival rates. Endorectal Power Doppler examination is a useful and reproducible method for in vivo preoperative quantitative assessment of tumor vascularization.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
L. Tankova, R. Nakov, G. Stoilov, A. Gegova, V. Nakov, V. Gerova, I. Terziev, D. Kovatchki
Endorectal power Doppler ultrasonography is a reliable method for evaluation of rectal cancer angiogenesis
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 4