Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (4): 1681-1687

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201902_17130

MicroRNA-26b-5p promotes development of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome by inhibiting differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells to type II of alveolar epithelial cells via regulating Wnt5a

X. Jiao, Q. Lv, S.-N. Cao

Medical Clinical Laboratory, Yantai Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, China. caoshannan0816@163.com


OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the role of microRNA-26b-5p in regulating mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiation to type II of alveolar epithelial cells (AECII) in the disease course of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: MSCs were first derived from rat bone marrow. In vitro induction of MSCs differentiation to AECII was conducted by SAGM. The mRNA levels of microRNA-26b-5p, Wnt5a, and AECII-related genes (Occludin, KGF, CK18, SpA, SpB, and SpC) during the process of cell differentiation were detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was conducted for detecting levels of inflammatory factors tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-α (INF-α), and interleukin-1 (IL-1) in cell supernatant. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was then carried out to verify the regulatory effect of microRNA-26b-5p on Wnt5a. MicroRNA-26b-5p expression in serum samples of NRDS neonates and healthy neonates was detected by qRT-PCR as well.

RESULTS: MicroRNA-26b-5p was overexpressed in NRDS neonates than those of healthy neonates. Besides, microRNA-26b-5p was highly expressed in the process of MSCs differentiation to AECII. MicroRNA-26b-5p overexpression remarkably inhibited AECII differentiation and Wnt5a expression. Levels of TNF-α, INF-α, and IL-1 in cell supernatant during differentiation induction were elevated. The regulatory effects of microRNA-26b-5p on AECII differentiation, Wnt5a expression, and inflammatory response were reversed by Wnt5a overexpression.

CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-26b-5p inhibits MSCs differentiation to AECII via inhibiting Wnt5a expression through the Wnt pathway.

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X. Jiao, Q. Lv, S.-N. Cao
MicroRNA-26b-5p promotes development of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome by inhibiting differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells to type II of alveolar epithelial cells via regulating Wnt5a

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 4
Pages: 1681-1687
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201902_17130