Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (5): 1934-1946

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201903_17232

MiR-15a-3p suppresses the growth and metastasis of ovarian cancer cell by targeting Twist1

B. Fan, L.-P. Chen, Y.-H. Yuan, H.-N. Xiao, X.-S. Lv, Z.-Y. Xia

Obstetrics and Gynecology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, Sichuan, China. xiazhiyongxzy@foxmail.com


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the roles of miR-15a-3p in ovarian cancer cell growth and metastasis.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A key role of miR-15a-3p was identified via gene profiling and bioinformatics analysis. The impact of miR-15a-3p on ovarian cancer cell growth, migration and invasion was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), wound-healing and transwell invasion assays. Bioinformatics and luciferase reporter assays were applied to identify that twist family BHLH transcription factor 1 (Twist1) was the target gene of miR-15a-3p. The miR-15a-3p level and the expression of Twist1 were detected using quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay. The expressions of N-cadherin and E-cadherin were measured by immunofluorescence staining. Small interfering RNA targeting Twist1 and pCDNA3.1 containing Twist1 were applied to decrease and increase the expression of Twist1, respectively.

RESULTS: miR-15a-3p was markedly down-regulated in ovarian cancer. Exogenous up-regulation of miR-15a-3p inhibited the growth, colony formation, migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cell in vitro. Furthermore, a xenograft model indicated that miR-15a-3p inhibited tumour growth and the metastatic potential of ovarian cancer cell in vivo. We found that Twist1 was the direct target of miR-15a-3p in ovarian cancer and that its expression was negatively correlated with the level of miR-15a-3p in ovarian cancer tissues. Up-regulation of miR-15a-3p rescued the inhibitory impact of miR-15a-3p on ovarian cancer cell growth, migration and invasion. Finally, down-regulation of Twist1 mimicked the suppressive effects of miR-15a-3p on ovarian cancer cell.

CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that miR-15a-3p is down-regulated in ovarian cancer. Up-regulation of miR-15a-3p restrains the growth and metastasis of ovarian cancer cell by regulating Twist1.

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To cite this article

B. Fan, L.-P. Chen, Y.-H. Yuan, H.-N. Xiao, X.-S. Lv, Z.-Y. Xia
MiR-15a-3p suppresses the growth and metastasis of ovarian cancer cell by targeting Twist1

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 5
Pages: 1934-1946
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201903_17232