Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (5): 2158-2166

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201903_17261

Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis and patient outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

X.-J. Zang, B. Yang, X. Du, C.-L. Mei

Kidney Institute, Division of Nephrology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. chlmei1954@126.com


OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at illustrating short- or long-term patient outcome among individuals with urgent-start peritoneal dialysis (PD) compared with those with conventional PD.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases. Cohort studies were investigated comparing the effects of urgent start of PD (<14 days after catheter insertion) to those of conventional start of PD (≥14 days after catheter insertion). Risks of bias across studies were evaluated using Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale. We calculated the pooled risk ratios and mean differences with 95% confidence intervals for dichotomous data and continuous data, respectively.

RESULTS: Six studies involving 1,242 patients were identified. Compared with conventional PD, urgent-start PD was not associated with a high mortality (RR: 1.25, 95% CI: 0.92 to 1.69; I2=0%, p=0.99) and a higher prevalence of overall mechanical complications (RR: 1.79, 95% CI: 0.85 to 3.78; p=0.12; I2=64%, p=0.02). However, urgent-start PD was associated with a higher prevalence of leakage (RR: 6.72, 95% CI: 2.11 to 21.32; I2=0%, p=0.60). In terms of infectious complications, data analysis of the fixed-effects model showed no difference between the two groups. (RR: 1.36, 95% CI: 0.90 to 2.05, p=0.14), regardless of peritonitis (RR: 1.36, 95% CI: 0.90 to 2.05, p=0.14; I2=0%, p=0.70) or other infections (RR: 1.15, 95% CI: 0.49 to 2.69, p=0.99; I2=0%, p=0.75).

CONCLUSIONS: Urgent-start PD was not associated with a higher risk of mortality and dialysis-related complications. However, compared with conventional PD, an urgent start of PD may increase the risk of a leak.

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To cite this article

X.-J. Zang, B. Yang, X. Du, C.-L. Mei
Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis and patient outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 5
Pages: 2158-2166
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201903_17261