Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (1 Suppl): 19-26

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201903_17343

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in the pediatric age: the role of the anesthesiologist

R. Bellucci, F. Campo, M. Ralli, C. Buonopane, S. Di Girolamo, D. Passali, A. Minni, A. Greco, M. De Vincentiis

Department of Anesthesiology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. massimo.ralli@uniroma1.it


OBJECTIVE: Childhood obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is a sleep-related upper airway obstruction that degrades sleep quality, ventilation and/or oxygenation; obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is one of the most common causes of SDB in children. The aim of this review is to evaluate the role of the anesthesiologist in pediatric OSAS.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review has been performed on the following topics: clinical aspects of pediatric OSAS, preoperative investigations including questionnaires, clinical parameters, laboratory polysomnography and home sleep apnea testing, anesthesiologic preoperative management, anesthesiologic perioperative management, anesthesiologic postoperative management including postoperative analgesia, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and post‐tonsillectomy bleeding.

RESULTS: OSAS in children is a distinct disorder from the condition that occurs in adults; adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy are the first line of therapy in these patients. Even if these surgical procedures are frequently performed, they represent a great challenge for surgeons and anesthesiologists and are associated with a substantially increased risk of morbidity and mortality.

CONCLUSIONS: The role of the anesthesiologist is pediatric OSAS is crucial before, during and after surgery, as pediatric patients are at higher risk of preoperative, perioperative and postoperative adverse events including airway obstruction, PONV, and bleeding.

Free PDF Download

To cite this article

R. Bellucci, F. Campo, M. Ralli, C. Buonopane, S. Di Girolamo, D. Passali, A. Minni, A. Greco, M. De Vincentiis
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in the pediatric age: the role of the anesthesiologist

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 1 Suppl
Pages: 19-26
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201903_17343