OBJECTIVE: Otitis media with effusion (OME), defined as the presence of fluid in the ear without signs of an acute infection, usually occurs after acute otitis media and could result in reduced sound transmission with hearing loss. Several risk factors have been suggested to be associated with OME, as well as the relationships between morphology anomalies of cranial bones and ear infections. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between OME and cranial deformation in a pediatric population.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen children (13 males and 5 females) with a diagnosis of unilateral OME based on otolaryngologic examination, conductive hearing loss and an asymmetric tympanogram type were enrolled in the study. Patients underwent osteopathic and physical examinations to evaluate the presence of cranial deformations.
RESULTS: Our study showed a high percentage of skull asymmetry (94%) in the study sample; children were mainly dolichocephalic and with atypical swallowing (72%). Particularly, we observed an occipital flattening, mainly ipsilateral to the ear affected by OME.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study indicated that a high percentage of children with OME present a skull asymmetry with concomitant dolichocephaly, known to be associated with high arched palate which is also related to a higher incidence of OME.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
M.P. Orlando, M.A. Bonanno, F.Y. Russo, M. Ralli, R. Turchetta, F.M. Passali, A. Minni, A. Greco1, M. De Vincentiis, M. Tattoli
Correlation between otitis media with effusion and cranial deformation in children
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 1 Suppl