OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of lncRNA LACAT1 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tissues, and to further investigate its potential mechanism in OSCC as well as its relationship with clinicopathology and prognosis.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to analyze LACAT1 level in 78 pairs of OSCC tumor tissues and adjacent tissues, and the interplay between LACAT1 level and OSCC clinical indices along with patient’s prognosis was analyzed. Further, the expression level of LACAT1 in OSCC cell line was verified by qRT-PCR. In addition, after LACAT1 knockdown model was constructed using lentivirus and transfected into OSCC cell lines, cell cloning assay and flow cytometry were used to analyze the impact of LACAT1 on biological functions of OSCC cells, and finally its association with microRNA-4301 was explored.
RESULTS: In this experiment, qRT-PCR results revealed that LACAT1 level in OSCC tumor tissue specimens was significantly higher than that in paracancerous tissues. In addition, the pathology stage in patients with higher level of LACAT1 was also higher while the overall survival rate was lower. Compared with sh-NC group, the cell proliferation ability of sh-LACAT1 group was significantly decreased while cell apoptosis was oppositely increased. QRT-PCR results showed that microRNA-4301 level was significantly elevated in cells of sh-LACAT1 group, suggesting that the expression of above two molecules was negatively correlated. Meanwhile, cell reverse experiment also demonstrated that LACAT1 and microRNA-4301 can be mutually regulated, and thereby promote the malignant progression of OSCC.
CONCLUSIONS: The LACAT1 level was found significantly increased in OSCC tissues and cells, which resulted in an advanced OSCC pathological stage and a poor prognosis of patients. In addition, it was found that LACAT1 may promote the malignant progression of OSCC by modulating microRNA-4301 activity.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
J. Wang, F. Huo, X.-R. Wang, Y.-Y. Xu
LncRNA LACAT1 promotes proliferation of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells by inhibiting microRNA-4301
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 6