OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to investigate the expression of microRNA-216a-5p (miR-216a-5p) in breast cancer (BC) and its effect on the proliferation and metastasis of BC cells by regulating the expression of p21-activated protein kinase 2 (PAK2) gene.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 cases of cancer tissue specimens and corresponding para-carcinoma normal tissue specimens were collected from the breast surgery department of our hospital from July 2016 to December 2017. BC MCF-7 cell line and normal breast epithelial MCF-10A cells were cultured. MiR-NC (negative control), LV-p21-activated protein kinase 2 (PAK2) and/or miR-216a-5p mimics were synthesized and transfected. The protein and mRNA expression level in BC tissues and cells were detected by Western blot and quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) assay, respectively. Additionally, the Luciferase Reporter Assays, cell proliferation detection, clone formation assays and transwell migration and invasion assay were performed to determine the functional alteration of BC cells, respectively.
RESULTS: The results of qRT-PCR demonstrated that miR-216a-5p was decreased in both BC tissues and cells compared with that in normal controls. Online target gene prediction software and Dual-Luciferase reporter assay were used for target identification, and PAK2 was identified as a functional target of miR-216a-5p in BC cells. The results were further clarified with the Western blot (WB) experiment. In vitro, cell functions were detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), crystal violet staining and transwell experiment, respectively. The results indicated that decreased expression of PAK2 resulting from the up-regulation of miR-216a-5p could restrain the proliferation, clone formation, invasion and migration abilities of BC cells.
CONCLUSIONS: We showed that miR-216a-5p played a role as antioncogene in BC, which provides a new therapeutic target for the treatment of BC.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
Y. Zhang, P. Lin, J.-Y. Zou, G. Zou, W.-Z. Wang, Y.-L. Liu, H.-W. Zhao, A.-P. Fang
MiR-216a-5p act as a tumor suppressor, regulating the cell proliferation and metastasis by targeting PAK2 in breast cancer
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 6