Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (2 Suppl): 145-158

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201904_17484

Acute osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in children: a systematic review of systematic reviews

A. Gigante, V. Coppa, M. Marinelli, N. Giampaolini, D. Falcioni, N. Specchia

Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy. a.gigante@univpm.it


OBJECTIVE: Septic arthritis and osteomyelitis are rare in children, but they are difficult to treat and are associated with a high rate of sequelae. This paper addresses the main clinical issues related to septic arthritis and osteomyelitis by means of a systematic review of systematic reviews.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The major electronic databases were searched for systematic reviews/meta-analyses septic arthritis and osteomyelitis. The papers that fulfilled the inclusion/exclusion criteria were selected.

RESULTS: There were four systematic reviews on septic arthritis and four on osteomyelitis. Independent assessment of their methodological quality by two reviewers using AMSTAR 2 indicated that its criteria were not consistently followed.

CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these works provide strong evidence regarding a large number of issues including classification, epidemiology and risk factors, causative organisms, clinical presentation, laboratory markers, imaging, diagnostic needle aspiration, antibiotic therapy, surgical therapy, and prognosis. A clinical summary based on the best evidence is supplied.

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To cite this article

A. Gigante, V. Coppa, M. Marinelli, N. Giampaolini, D. Falcioni, N. Specchia
Acute osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in children: a systematic review of systematic reviews

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 2 Suppl
Pages: 145-158
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201904_17484