OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of Odanacatib on orthodontic recurrence in rats.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty rats were selected to establish a planting anchorage molar movement model, and 50 g of force was used for the mesial movement of the right maxillary first molar. Forty rats were randomly divided into the observation group (n=20) and control group (n=20). Odanacatib (60 μl, 1.25 μM) was locally injected into the mucoperiosteum around the right maxillary first molar of rats in the experimental group, and an equal amount of normal saline was injected into rats in the control group. A Vernier caliper was used for measuring the recurrence movement distance and recurrence rate of rats, Micro-CT for scanning the bone mineral density (BMD) and bone volume fraction (BVF) of the alveolar bone, TRAP special staining for observing changes in osteoclasts and quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) for detecting the mRNA expressions of cathepsin K (CatK) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in periodontal tissues.
RESULTS: After 3 weeks of modeling, the movement distance of the first molar of rats in the two groups was 1.16±0.19 mm. The molar movement distance and recurrence rate of rats were significantly higher in the control group than those in the observation group (p<0.05). The BMD and BVF of the alveolar bone of rats were markedly lower in the control group than those in the observation group (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the number of osteoclasts between the observation group (26.15±3.92) and the control group (27.01±2.74) (t=0.882, p=0.383). The CatK mRNA expression of rats was remarkably lower in the observation group than that in the control group (p<0.05). The IGF-1 mRNA expression of rats was significantly higher in the observation group than that in the control group (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: By promoting the IGF-1 mRNA expression and increasing the BMD and BVF of the alveolar bone, Odanacatib inhibits orthodontic recurrence and has no effect on osteoclast activity.
To cite this article
J. Ye, P.-Y. Zhang, Z.-Q. Guan, G.-X. Wang, B. Kou
Exploration of effect of Odanacatib on inhibiting orthodontic recurrence in rats and on CatK and IGF-1 mRNA
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 8