OBJECTIVE: Although the potential involvements of INK4 locus reported in glaucoma, the effects of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) antisense noncoding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) on trabecular meshwork (TM) cells remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the effects of lncRNA ANRIL on the oxidative injury of human TM cells as well as the underlying mechanisms.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oxidative injury of human TM cells was induced by H2O2 stimulation. Cell viability, apoptotic cells, expression of proteins related to apoptosis, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level were testified by CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry assay, Western blot analysis, and DCFH-DA staining, respectively. LncRNA ANRIL was overexpressed, and its effects on H2O2-injured TM cells were analyzed. Afterward, miR-7 expression in lncRNA ANRIL overexpressing-cells was determined by RT-qPCR. Moreover, it was verified whether lncRNA ANRIL affected H2O2-treated TM cells via miR-7, followed by the measurements of the involved signaling pathways.
RESULTS: H2O2-induced decrease of cell viability and the increases in apoptosis and ROS generation were significantly attenuated by lncRNA ANRIL overexpression. miR-7 expression was down-regulated by lncRNA ANRIL, and miR-7 overexpression abrogated the effects of lncRNA ANRIL on H2O2-treated TM cells. Phosphorylation levels of the key kinases in the mTOR and MEK/ERK pathways were enhanced by lncRNA ANRIL via down-regulating miR-7 in H2O2-treated TM cells.
CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA ANRIL attenuated oxidative injury of human TM cells and activated the mTOR and MEK/ERK pathways, possibly through down-regulating miR-7.
To cite this article
J. Zhao, H. Sun, J.-M. Zhang, M. Wang, X.-J. Du, J.-L. Zhang
Long non-coding RNA ANRIL down-regulates microRNA-7 to protect human trabecular meshwork cells in an experimental model for glaucoma
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 8