OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of miR-940 and Toll-like receptor 4/Nuclear Factor κB (TLR4/NF-κB) pathways on inflammatory responses and spinal cord injury (SCI).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study first established a model of spinal cord injury in mice. The grip force measurement was used to detect the recovery of the forelimb, left forelimb and right forelimb of SCI mice. The quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-940 and macrophage receptor TLR4 in SCI mice. In addition, the protein levels of TLR4 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in SCI mice were detected by Western blot. MiR-940 mimic was injected into the injured area of SCI mice to explore the effect of miR-940 overexpression on TLR4 and myeloperoxidase (MPO) expression as well as the protein levels of TLR4, P65 and iNOS. Furthermore, the grip strength of SCI mice with double forelimb, left forelimb and right forelimb was detected by the grip force test after miR-940 overexpression.
RESULTS: Compared with the sham-operated mice, the grip strength of the forelimb, left forelimb, and right forelimb of the SCI group showed significant obstacles. Meanwhile, the expression of miR-940 was remarkably decreased in SCI mice along with significant elevation of the inflammatory response-related factors including TRL4 and iNOS. Then we injected SCI mice with miR-940 mimics into the spinal cord injury area and found that miR-940 overexpression decreased the expression levels of TLR4 and MPO. At the same time, the overexpression of miR-940 markedly decreased the protein levels of TLR4, P65, and iNOS in SCI mice. In addition, miR-940 overexpression improved the grip strength of the left and right forepaws and the simultaneous grip strength of the two claws of the SCI mice than those of the simple injury group.
CONCLUSIONS: High expression of miR-940 can promote the recovery of spinal cord injury by downregulating the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and inhibiting inflammation.
To cite this article
B. Wang, P.-F. Shen, Y.-X. Qu, C. Zheng, J.-D. Xu, Z.-K. Xie, X.-J. Cao
miR-940 promotes spinal cord injury recovery by inhibiting TLR4/NF-κB pathway-mediated inflammation
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 8