OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to detect the expression level of microRNA-199 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Meanwhile, we also investigated whether microRNA-199 could inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis of AML cells by regulating caspase-3.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression level of microRNA-199 in peripheral blood samples of AML patients and healthy controls was determined using Real Time-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR). Similarly, microRNA-199 expression was also detected in AML cells and human medullary cells. The overexpression plasmid of microRNA-199 was constructed and transfected into cells. Subsequently, the regulatory effects of microRNA-199 on the proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, invasion and migration were accessed. The relationship between microRNA-199 and caspase-3 expression was further elucidated by Western blot and RT-qPCR.
RESULTS: MicroRNA-199 was lowly expressed in peripheral blood of AML patients and AML cell lines than normal controls. The overexpression of microRNA-199 significantly decreased proliferative, invasive and migratory capacities of AML cells, whereas markedly increased apoptotic rate. Western blot results showed that microRNA-199 increased caspase-3 expression in AML cells. Rescue experiments demonstrated that microRNA-199 inhibited malignant progression of AML by targeting caspase-3.
CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-199 is lowly expressed in AML patients. Furthermore, it inhibits the malignant progression of AML by targeting caspase-3.
To cite this article
F. Xue, Y. Zhu, F. Xu, L.-J. Zhou, F. Han, S.-C. Wang
MicroRNA-199 inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis in children with acute myeloid leukemia by mediating caspase-3
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 9