OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression level of microRNA-374b in glioma tissues and its influence on the invasive ability of glioma cells. Meanwhile, the regulatory mechanism of microRNA-374b in glioma was also explored.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression level of microRNA-374b in 32 glioma tissues and para-cancerous tissues were detected by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between microRNA-374b expression and clinical indicators of glioma was analyzed. Meanwhile, the expression of microRNA-374b in glioma cells was verified by qRT-PCR as well. Subsequently, microRNA-374b over-expression model was constructed in glioma cell lines, including U251 and U87. Next, the effect of microRNA-374b on cellular biological functions was analyzed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, Wound healing test and transwell invasion assay, respectively. Finally, the relationship between miRNA and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was explored.
RESULTS: QRT-PCR results showed that the expression level of microRNA-374b in glioma was significantly lower than that of adjacent tissues, and the difference was statistically significant. Compared with patients with higher expression of microRNA-374b, the occurrence rate of lymph node or distant metastasis was significantly higher in those with lower microRNA-374b expression. In addition, compared with NC group, the proliferation, invasion and migration abilities of cells in microRNA-374b mimics group was significantly decreased. Subsequently, results demonstrated that the expression of EGFR was significantly increased in glioma cells and tissues, which was negatively correlated with microRNA-374b expression. Subsequent cell recovery experiment indicated that microRNA-374b and EGFR had a mutual regulation and could affect the malignant progression of glioma all together.
CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-374b could inhibit the invasion and migration of glioma by regulating EGFR. Moreover, the expression of microRNA-374b was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis and poor prognosis.
To cite this article
D.-S. Pan, P. Cao, J.-J. Li, D. Fan, Z.-Q. Song
MicroRNA-374b inhibits migration and invasion of glioma cells by targeting EGFR
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 10